Kiribati, a low-lying island nation in the central Pacific Ocean, is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The country consists of 33 atolls and reef islands, and its highest point is only a few meters above sea level. As a result, Kiribati faces numerous challenges due to rising sea levels, changing weather patterns, and other climate-related issues.
Impacts of climate change in Kiribati
Coral Bleaching: Kiribati’s coral reefs, which are vital for fisheries and coastal protection, are susceptible to coral bleaching due to higher sea temperatures. Coral bleaching weakens the reefs and impacts the marine ecosystem, affecting the livelihoods of communities that rely on fishing.
Extreme Weather Events: Climate change is associated with an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as tropical cyclones and storms. These events can cause widespread damage to infrastructure, homes, and crops, further exacerbating the vulnerability of Kiribati.