List of key initiatives and Climate Agreements: You need to know
Paris Agreement (2015): he Paris Agreement is a landmark international accord adopted in 2015, which aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Countries committed to nationally determined contributions (NDCs) outlining their individual climate action plans.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): The UNFCCC is an international treaty established in 1992 to address climate change. It serves as the foundation for various climate-related agreements, including the Paris Agreement.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): While not a geopolitical entity, the IPCC plays a crucial role in providing scientific assessments and reports on climate change. Policymakers use these assessments to make informed decisions.
Green Climate Fund (GCF): The GCF was established to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. It aims to mobilize financial resources to fund projects and programs.
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987): Originally designed to address ozone layer depletion, the Montreal Protocol has also contributed to climate change mitigation by phasing out the use of ozone-depleting substances that are also potent greenhouse gases.
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, this agenda includes Goal 13, which focuses on taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.