|Comparison between MEDC and LEDC||MEDC||LEDC
|Birth Rate||Low |
Less than 10 babies born per 1000
On an average 20-45 people born per 1000 people
|Death Rate||Low due to good health care||High due to poor health care and widespread diseases
|Natural increase of population||Low (below 1%)|
Many of the MEDCs have high elderly population causing shrinking population.
|High 2-3.5% or more
High youthful population.
|Infant Mortality||The number of babies who don't survive to the age of 1 (infant) per 1,000 live births. |
Very low in MEDS.
|A high proportion of children die before the age of 5 in LEDCs due to poor health care. WHO has estimated that around 14 children die per minute due to poor health care and lack of food in the world.
|People per doctor||A majority of people in MEDCs have access to a doctor||Few people in LEDCs have access to a doctor unless they are wealthy
|Life Expectancy||The average age that a person is expected to live from birth.|
Life expectancy is high in MEDCs due to good medical care and quality of life
|Life expectancy is low in LEDCs due to poor medical care and quality of life
|Housing||Housing in MEDCs is adequate for the majority of people. Most people have access to clean water and electricity||Housing in LEDCs is often inadequate with no access to clean running water or electricity
|Literacy||The percentage of adults who can read and write with understanding.|
Literacy rates in MEDCs are high because a majority of children have access to a free education.
|Literacy rates in LEDCs are low because people cannot afford to send their children to school and some areas may not even have schools due to a lack of teachers
|GDP Gross Domestic Product (GDP)||High|
Is the total economic output of a country in a year. GDP per capita of the MEDC countries is more than 10000 dollars on an average.
GDP per capita of the LEDC countries are generally less than 10000 dollar. LDC country may have even less than 500 dollar GDP per capita.