Migration is the permanent change of residence with a complete change of community ties. However, very recent definitions also consider certain temporary movements as migration (refer unesco.org). Migration does not include daily commuting to work, shifting of house in the same neighbourhood and tourism.
Migrations are broadly classified as
- Involuntary (forced) and Voluntary migration
- Long distance and Short distance migration
- International and Internal migration
Refugee: A refugee is a person who has fled their own country because they are at risk of serious human rights violations and persecution in their own country. Refugees seek safety outside their home country because their own government cannot or will not protect them from those dangers. According to international law, refugees have a right to international protection.
Asylum-Seeker: An asylum-seeker is a person who has left his own country and is seeking protection from persecution and serious human rights violations in another country, but hasn’t yet been legally recognized as a refugee and is waiting to receive a decision on their asylum claim. Seeking asylum is a human right. This means everyone should be allowed to enter another country to seek asylum.
Most of the international organizations such as Amnesty International consider migrants to be people staying outside their country of origin, who are not asylum-seekers or refugees.