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Resistance to global interactions

Food Miles: Carbon footprints for global flow of foods

Food mile (Geography guide, IBO 2009): A measure of the distance food travels from it‘s source to the consumer. This can be expressed either in units of actual distance or of energy consumed during transport.

Class work: Think

Are you consuming jetlagged apple?
Where does your food come from?
How well travelled your breakfast is?
How the food has been transported and even packaged?
Do you buy all your cooking ingredients from the super market or do you also buy food from the local farmer‘s market?
Do you eat foods that are locally produced?
Do you grow vegetables in your garden?
Do you eat foods that are in season?

Impact of food miles (food being transported for a great distance)

  • Higher energy cost (in transportation and packaging)
  • Pollution and green house gas emission
  • Eutrophication and water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Soil erosion and water shortages due to large scale commercial agriculture.
  • Huge ecological footprint
  • Loss of local jobs and rural-urban migration
  • Lowering of food’s nutritional value

Ecological footprint is the theoretical measurement of the total area of ecologically productive land and water (cropland, pasture, forest, marsh, river, sea, etc.) that a population requires in order to produce the resources (the energy and materials consumed) it consumes and to absorb its wastes, under prevailing technology.

Defining Food-miles

Eco-footprint of food

Controversies of food-miles

Local sourcing of food and goods

Food Miles reviewed

Global food crisis and the role of trade

Food Wastage

Local and civil society resistance to global interactions: Rise of anti-immigration movement

Rise of anti immigrant political party in Germany

Rising Xenophobia in Europe

Identitäre Bewegung: Extreme attitude towards immigration

Brexit facts and fear

Examples of places where restricted freedoms have been challenged

Pro-democracy demonstrations in Hong Kong

Hong Kong is a former British colony in south eastern China, has long enjoyed a special status under the principal “one country, two systems”. The Basic Law dictates that Hong Kong will retain its common law and capitalist system for 50 years after the handover in 1997. But there are fears that China is extending its influence over Hong Kong long before this deadline. Read more from  ‘The Sun’ report on Hong Kong’s protests and riots. 

Hong Kong's protest explained in details

Countries with most censored internet

Partial or total internet blocking is becoming a regrettably common government response to protests or political upheaval in Iran. Click here to read more on the regime’s approach to internet censorship. 

China's internet censorship

QAnon: The conspiracy theory spreading fake news

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